Senate terms

The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two Senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a Senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she is chosen.Another important trend has been a shift in the nature of reform proposals.The objective of the Triple-E proposals, then, was not simply to alter federal-provincial relations, but to alter the relationship between citizens and government, as well as between the provinces (inter-provincial relations).The second issue, provincial equality, focused on the provincial distribution of seats in the Senate, and whether this representation reflected the true status of individual provinces in the Canadian federation.To some extent seat distribution, however, would have been reorganized to create greater provincial equality.In response, the Conservative government said it is dropping Senate reform and ruled out a referendum to build public support to bring reluctant premiers onside as one of its own cabinet ministers, Maxime Bernier, and NDP Leader Tom Mulcair — who both advocate abolition — publicly urged Friday.

Selection of Members: Under this proposal, Senators would be directly elected through a system of plurality voting in multiple-member, province-wide constituencies.It focuses strictly on the period between 1970 and 2007, and describes and compares individual reform proposals, as well as general trends during this period.At the same time, in Western Canada, there existed longstanding concerns that federal institutions were primarily oriented towards the interests of Quebec and Ontario, and, as such, were unresponsive to the unique needs and interests of Western Canadians.In the 1960s and 1970s, the Canadian political system faced several significant regional pressures.

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Selection of Members: Federal and provincial governments would both have been entitled to select members of the new Upper House, with the federal government appointing one-half of the members, and individual provinces appointing the remainder.Prime Minister Mulroney did, however, use his discretionary powers to appoint Stan Waters to the Senate in 1990.

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Senators serve four-year terms and represent districts containing about 127,700 citizens.

The most influential Senators (both positively and negatively) almost inevitably were multi-term Senators.Canadian Department of Intergovernmental Affairs: The Charlottetown Accord (Unofficial text).The new Senate would also have the power to ratify non-military international treaties.Provincial Representation: The Accord would have also provided for provincial equality in the distribution of Senate seats, with each province receiving six seats each.Each territory would continue to have only one seat in the new House.Other examples include Senate reform initiatives put forth by the Ontario Advisory Committee on Confederation (1978), the Quebec Wing of the Liberal Party of Canada (1978), the Constitutional Committee of the Canadian Bar Association (1978), the Canada West Foundation (1978), the Pepin-Roberts Task Force on Canadian Unity (1979), and the Government of Alberta (1982).The second attempt to bring Quebec into the constitutional fold, referred to as the Charlottetown Accord, took place in the early 1990s, and involved broad consultation between government leaders, interest groups, and the general public.The most up-to-date breaking news for the Ottawa Senators including highlights, roster, schedule, scores and archives.

Selecting Members: Membership in the new House would have consisted of instructed provincial delegates (in most cases, provincial cabinet ministers), whom would have been appointed by, and served at the pleasure of, their respective provincial governments (or, more precisely, their premiers and provincial cabinets).In June 2012, term limits for California state legislators (Assembly and state Senate) were changed by the passage of Proposition 28.The first of these issues centred on the unelected nature of the Senate and the length of terms for Senators, who could serve until the age of 75.

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In examining these proposals overall, several trends are evident.It was intended to represent regional interests and to act as a legislative check on the executive.The framers of the Constitution, meeting in Philadelphia on June 26, 1787, made two key decisions about Senate operations.Prime Minister Stephen Harper has been an advocate of Senate reform since his days as a young Reform party MP.It would have provided for the direct election of Senators by citizens (although, provinces could still appoint members if they so desired).

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Quebecers, for example, were beginning to develop a new sense of cultural identity and a desire for greater control over governance and public policy.

Role of Members: Members in the new House would have not directly represented geographic constituencies (such as local districts or their provinces at large), but their respective provincial governments.It would have, for example, provided for a joint sitting of both federal legislatures in order to override a Senate veto regarding non-money bills, provided for an absolute veto where federal legislation affected French language and culture, and given the Senate the power to approve federal appointments.Copyright owned or licensed by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited.You can find out other facts about Senators past and present and get an overview of the members of Congress using these links.Approval of the new House would have also been required for senior government appointments (such as appointments to the Supreme Court of Canada, Crown Corporations, and key regulatory bodies).

Finally, while limiting the Senate to a suspensive veto in most cases, the Accord would have made the Senate relatively effective in a number of ways.