Rather than insisting that writers follow strict citation formulas, this handbook outlines the principles of MLA documentation and explains how writers can use them in many different situations.At the end of the document, provide label, number, caption, and source information in an organized list.Use only U and P when referring to university presses (e.g. Cambridge UP or U of Chicago P).The list of endnotes and footnotes (either of which, for papers submitted for publication, should be listed on a separate page, as indicated below) should correspond to the note references in the text.Do not embed illustrations (tables, figures, or examples) in manuscripts for publication.
A container can be thought of as anything that is a part of a larger body of works.When you reference the same source more than once in the same paragraph, and no other source intervenes, you may give the in-text citation just once at the end of the paragraph.Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks.MLA Abbreviations There are a few common trends in abbreviating that you should follow when using MLA, though there are always exceptions to these rules.You should consider this option if you have several references from a single text.Radiant City, directed by Gary Burns and Jim Brown, New York Times.If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon.Take note of any page numbers (p. or pp.) or paragraph numbers (par. or pars.).
MLA Documentation has two. exactly like the punctuation used for article titles in.If you refer to a journal article that appeared on pages 225 through 250, list the page numbers on your Works Cited page as 225-250.Some have argued that such an investigation would be fruitless. 6.Include the descriptor Personal interview and the date of the interview.These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry in the Works Cited.
When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so (00:02:15-00:02:35).Best and Marcus argue that one should read a text for what it says on its surface, rather than looking for some hidden meaning (9).Then add the name of the database or website you used to access the online book, and add a URL or other location indicator at the end of the citation.
For example, when citing more than four lines of prose, use the following examples.
Determine what types of illustrations best suit your purpose.MLA General Format MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing.
When an author or collection editor appears both as the sole author of a text and as the first author of a group, list solo-author entries first.Include a URL, DOI, or permalink to help readers locate the source.While earlier editions emphasized the importance of following specific guidelines for formatting, the eighth edition focuses on the practice and process of scholarly documentation.Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc., 2008.People residing in personal care or domiciliary care homes are excluded from the numerator.
Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken.If page numbers are not available, use par. or pars. to denote paragraph numbers.When the title of the collection of recordings is different than the original series (e.g., the show Friends is in DVD release under the title Friends: The Complete Sixth Season), list the title that would help researchers to locate the recording.To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon.In general, do not italicize or enclose in quotation marks the title of laws, acts, and similar documents in either the text or the list of works cited (Declaration of Independence, Constitution of the United States, Taft-Hartley Act).Author-page citation for classic and literary works with multiple editions.It is good practice to print or save web pages or, better, use a program like Adobe Acrobat to keep your own copies for future reference.United States, Congress, Senate, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.Month names longer than four letters used in journal and magazine citations.
Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).
Here is the general MLA Format cover page: Especially when like,.The complementary parenthetical citation is written as (US Const. amend. XII, sec. 3). You might also reference the U.S. Constitution in the sentence itself and only provide the amendment and section number in the parentheses at the end of the sentence.Each entry should be uniform and simple, but should give enough information so that your readers can locate your sources.MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications) It is always a good idea to maintain personal copies of electronic information, when possible.Endnotes and footnotes in MLA format are indicated in-text by superscript arabic numbers after the punctuation of the phrase or clause to which the note refers.